Contents

  1. Priority 1A
  2. Priority 1B
  3. Priority 2A
  4. Priority 2B
  5. Priority 3
  6. Further Information

Priority 1A

These weeds are not present or have a very limited presence in Montana. Management criteria will require eradication if detected, education, and prevention:

  1. Yellow starthistle (Centaurea solstitialis)
  2. Dyer’s woad (Isatis tinctoria)
  3. Common reed (Phragmites australis ssp. australis)
  4. Medusahead (Taeniatherum caput-medusae)

Priority 1B

These weeds have limited presence in Montana. Management criteria will require eradication or containment and education:

  1. Knotweed complex (Polygonum cuspidatum, P. sachalinense, P. × bohemicum, Fallopia japonica, F. sachalinensis, F. × bohemica, Reynoutria japonica, R. sachalinensis, and R.× bohemica)
  2. Purple loosestrife (Lythrum salicaria)
  3. Rush skeletonweed (Chondrilla juncea)
  4. Scotch broom (Cytisus scoparius)
  5. Blueweed (Echium vulgare)

Priority 2A

These weeds are common in isolated areas of Montana. Management criteria will require eradication or containment where less abundant. Management shall be prioritized by local weed districts:

  1. Tansy ragwort (Senecio jacobaea, Jacobaea vulgaris)
  2. Meadow hawkweed complex (Hieracium caespitosum, H. praealturm, H. floridundum, and Pilosella caespitosa)
  3. Orange hawkweed (Hieracium aurantiacum, Pilosella aurantiaca)
  4. Tall buttercup (Ranunculus acris)
  5. Perennial pepperweed (Lepidium latifolium)
  6. Yellowflag iris (Iris pseudacorus)
  7. Eurasian watermilfoil (Myriophyllum spicatum, Myriophyllum spicatum x Myriophyllum sibiricum )
  8. Flowering rush (Butomus umbellatus)
  9. Common buckthorn (Rhamnus cathartica L.)

Priority 2B

These weeds are abundant in Montana and widespread in many counties. Management criteria will require eradication or containment where less abundant. Management shall be prioritized by local weed districts:

  1. Canada thistle (Cirsium arvense)
  2. Field bindweed (Convolvulus arvensis)
  3. Leafy spurge (Euphorbia esula)
  4. Whitetop (Cardaria draba, Lepidium draba)
  5. Russian knapweed (Acroptilon repens, Rhaponticum repens)
  6. Spotted knapweed (Centaurea stoebe, C.maculosa)
  7. Diffuse knapweed (Centaurea diffusa)
  8. Dalmatian toadflax (Linaria dalmatica)
  9. St. Johnswort (Hypericum perforatum)
  10. Sulfur cinquefoil (Potentilla recta)
  11. Common tansy (Tanacetum vulgare)
  12. Oxeye daisy (Leucanthemum vulgare)
  13. Houndstongue (Cynoglossum officinale)
  14. Yellow toadflax (Linaria vulgaris)
  15. Saltcedar (Tamarix spp.)
  16. Curlyleaf pondweed (Potamogeton crispus)
  17. Hoary alyssum (Berteroa incana)

Priority 3

Regulated Plants: (not Montana listed noxious weeds) These regulated plants have the potential to have significant negative impacts. The plant may not be intentionally spread or sold other than as a contaminant in agricultural products. The state recommends research, education and prevention to minimize the spread of the regulated plant.

  1. Cheatgrass (Bromus tectorum)
  2. Hydrilla (Hydrilla verticillata)
  3. Russian olive (Elaeagnus angustifolia)
  4. Brazilian waterweed (Egeria densa)
  5. Parrot feather watermilfoil (Myriophyllum aquaticum or M. brasiliense)

Further Information

See the latest updates on invasive weeds on the Montana Invasive Weeds webpage, or contact Jane Mangold.

For general plant inqueries and sample analysis, contact Schutter Diagnostic Lab.

Original 2017 PDF (190KB)

 

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